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Sedrati et al., 2023

A Late Pleistocene Hominin footprint site on the North African Coast of Morocco

Sedrati, M., Morales, J. A., Duveau, J., M’rini, A. E., Mayoral, E., Díaz‐Martínez, I., Anthony, E. J., Bulot, G., Sedrati, A., Gall, R. L., Santos, A., Rivera-Silva, J. J.
KirjastusResearch Square Platform LLC
Tüüppreprint (artikkel digiarhiivis)


Footprints represent a relevant vestige providing direct information on the biology, locomotion, and behaviour of the individuals who left them. However, the spatiotemporal distribution of hominin footprints is heterogeneous, particularly in North Africa, where no footprint sites were known before the Holocene. This region is important in the evolution of hominins. It notably includes the earliest currently known Homo sapiens (Jebel Irhoud) and the oldest and richest African Middle Stone Age (MSA) hominin sites. In this fragmented ichnological record, we report the discovery of 85 human footprints on a Late Pleistocene now indurated beach surface of about 2,800 m ² at Larache (Northwest coast of Morocco). The wide range of sizes of the footprints suggests that several individuals from different age groups made the tracks while moving landward and seaward across a semi-dissipative bar-trough sandy beach foreshore. A geological investigation and an Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dating of a rock sample extracted from the trackside places this hominin footprint surface at 90.3 ± 7.6 ka (MIS 5, Late Pleistocene). The Larache footprints are, therefore, the oldest attributed to Homo sapiens in Northern Africa and the Southern Mediterranean.

Viimati muudetud: 22.11.2023
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