Back to search
Sørensen et al., 2020

Astronomically forced climate change in the late Cambrian

Sørensen, A. L., Nielsen, A. T., Thibault, N., Zhao, Z., Schovsbo, N. H., Dahl, T. W.
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Typearticle in journal


We report evidence for Milankovitch cycles in two drill cores from the Cambro–Ordovician Alum Shale Formation of Scandinavia. The signal is preserved in elemental abundances recorded at high stratigraphic resolution by core scanning XRF analysis (0.2 mm resolution). The new data enable us to establish a floating timeline calibrated to the stable 405 kyr eccentricity cycle for a ∼8.7 Myr interval across the Miaolingian–Furongian boundary. This interval spans the Steptoean Positive Carbon Isotope Excursion (SPICE), which is recorded in the δ13Corg in the studied drill cores. We calculate the durations of the Olenus Superzone to 3.4 ± 0.2 Myr, the Parabolina Superzone to 1.9 ± 0.3 Myr, the Leptoplastus Superzone to 0.33 ± 0.18 Myr, the Protopeltura Superzone to 0.51 ± 0.20 Myr, and the SPICE event straddling the Paibian and lower main part of the Jiangshanian Stage to 3.0 ± 0.2 Myr. The sedimentation rate shows similar trends at both drilling locations and is inversely correlated to eustatic sea level changes in certain time intervals, opening tantalizing new prospects of using cyclostratigraphic analyses of shales to track eustatic sea level variations. The identification of obliquity cycles enables us to calculate the Cambrian Earth–Moon distance as well as the day length at ∼493 Ma to 368.9 ± 2.3 ⋅ 106 m and 21.78 ± 0.29 hr, respectively.

Last change: 10.3.2022
KIKNATARCSARVTÜ Loodusmuuseumi geokogudEesti Loodusmuuseumi geoloogia osakond
All materials in the portal are for free usage according to CC BY-SA , unless indiated otherwise.
Portal is part of natianal research infrastructure and geoscience data platform SARV, hosted by TalTech.
Open Book icon by Icons8.