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Vandenbroucke et al., 2009

Chitinozoans and the age of the Soom Shale, an Ordovician black shale Lagerstätte, South Africa

Vandenbroucke, T. R. A., Gabbott, S. E., Paris, F., Aldridge, R. J., Theron, J. N.
JournalJournal of Micropalaeontology
Typearticle in journal


Isolated chitinozoans from the Soom Shale Member of the Cedarberg Formation, SW South Africa are described and provide a date of the latest Hirnantian–earliest Rhuddanian. The recovered chitinozoans are typical of the latest Ordovician Spinachitina oulebsiri Biozone, although an earliest Silurian age is possible. They indicate a very short time span (less than 1 Ma) across the Ordovician–Silurian boundary. This is currently the highest biostratigraphical resolution attainable for the Soom Shale Lagerstätte. Correlation of the Soom Shale chitinozoans with identical assemblages in post-glacial, transgressive deposits of Northern Africa is possible; both faunas occur in shales that overlie glacial diamictites of the Hirnantian glaciation. A new species, Spinachitina verniersi n. sp. is described.

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