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Paiste, T. et al., 2020a

The lower boundary of the Haljala Regional Stage (Sandbian, Upper Ordovician) in Estonia

Paiste, T., Männik, P., Nõlvak, J., Meidla, T.
JournalEstonian Journal of Earth Sciences
Typearticle in journal
LitsentsCC BY 4.0
Estonian author


Multi­proxy correlation is used to address the boundary of the Kukruse and Haljala regional stages across the Estonianpart of the Baltoscandian Ordovician Palaeobasin. New biostratigraphic information on conodonts, chitinozoans and ostracods fromthe Peetri outcrop, northwestern Estonia, integrated with micropalaeontological data from five core sections all over Estonia, allowsjustification of the position of the stage boundary and correlation between conodont and chitinozoan biozones. In the Peetri outcropa marked stratigraphic hiatus was recognized at the Kukruse–Haljala boundary – the Baltoniodus gerdae conodont Subzone and the Armoricochitina granulifera, Angochitina curvata, Lagenochitina dalbyensis and Belonechitina hirsuta chitinozoan zones are missingin the section. The lowermost part of the Tatruse Formation in central Estonia and the Adze Formation in southern Estonia are olderthan previously thought, and the results show a principal advantage of the multi­proxy method over single­group studies. The lowerboundary of the Haljala Regional Stage is tied to the interval with gaps that are common all over the stratotype region.

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